Vermont state outlinePicture of a patch of sod in Vermont

Vermont Sod Guide

In this article we'll explore the optimal sod varieties for Vermont. We'll also delve into their associated costs and the ideal times for laying to ensure growth.

cool season

Overall, Vermont's climate and grass zone provide specific requirements for the types of grass that are best grown in the state. It is important to take these factors into consideration when deciding on the type of grass to plant.


Vermont has a humid continental climate, which means that it experiences cold winters and warm summers with a moderate amount of rainfall throughout the year. This type of climate affects the types of grass that are best grown in the state.

Grasses that are cold-tolerant and can withstand harsh winters are ideal for Vermont. The best time to lay grass in Vermont is during the late summer or early fall when the temperatures are cooler and there is more rainfall.

This allows the grass to establish deeper roots before the winter months arrive. It is important to avoid laying grass during the hot summer months as it can be stressful for the newly laid grass and may result in it not surviving.

Vermont falls under the cool-season grass zone, which means that grasses that thrive in cooler temperatures are best suited for the state. These grasses grow best in temperatures between 60-75°F and include grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescue, and perennial ryegrass.

Which grasses grow best in Vermont?

In the world of landscaping, not all grasses are created equal. Each thrives in a specific climate zone: cool, warm, or transition.

A geographical map highlighting Vermont located in the cool season region of the United States
Vermont is a cool season state and falls in the region higlighted above

Vermont, with its cool season climate, prefers a particular set of grasses that relish the lower temperatures. The following grasses are the easiest to grow and maintain in Vermont:

Tall FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, deep-rooted, ideal for lawns, pastures, and sports fields in cooler climates. The price per square foot for Tall Fescue generally ranges from $0.60 to $0.85 per square foot.
Kentucky BluegrassCool-season grass, lush green, fine texture, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields in cooler regions. The price per square foot for Kentucky Bluegrass generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.70 per square foot.
Perennial RyegrassCool-season grass, fast-growing, excellent wear resistance, often used for overseeding, ideal for lawns and sports fields. The price per square foot for Perennial Ryegrass generally ranges from $0.30 to $0.65 per square foot.
Fine FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, fine texture, low maintenance, ideal for low-traffic lawns and erosion control. The price per square foot for Fine Fescue generally ranges from $0.45 to $0.75 per square foot.

While it's possible to grow grasses meant for other regions with proper care, attention and timing, these are the most common grasses in Vermont for residential lawns.

What is the best time to lay sod in Vermont?

Since it is considered a cool-season location, the ideal time to lay sod is in early spring or early fall. These periods offer moderate temperatures, leading to less stress on the sod and providing optimal conditions for root establishment before extreme temperatures of winter or summer. Avoid the summer, as high heat can stress the sod.

As you can see in the image below, you'll notice the most shoot growth (the grass above ground) and root growth in the spring and fall for cool season grases:

A graph showing the growth of cool season grasses throughout the year
Plant cool-season grasses during the Spring and Fall for best results

Best Grasses for Shade in Vermont

We get it. Not every part of your lawn is blessed with abundant sunlight. In fact, Vermont’s charming foliage can often turn your lawn into a shade festival. Don't sweat it. Let’s discuss some shade-loving grass varieties specifically bred for Vermont’s unique climate.

First up, Kentucky Bluegrass. Yes, it's more than just a genre of music. This cool-season turfgrass needs around 4 hours of sunlight daily. But folks, it has been known to prosper even in areas where the sun plays hard to get. What makes it irresistible is its astonishing recuperative potential. This means, in a world where the sun hides, Bluegrass stands tall!

Then you have Fine Fescue. Don’t be deceived by the ‘fine’ part of its name, this grass is a real heavyweight when it comes to surviving on minimal sunlight. Think 3 to 4 hours daily. Plus, it’s got an impressive tolerance level for Vermont’s chilling winters, making it a crowd-pleaser. Do note, it prefers well-drained soil, so avoid water-logging.

Lastly, meet Perennial Ryegrass. Resilient, energetic, and requiring just about 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day, Ryegrass is a treat for your shaded lawny needs. Its fascinating feature is its speedy germination. A patch of bare dirt today? Lush green carpet in a week or two! Keep atop its watering needs and you've got a winning starring role in your lawn.

Remember, grass is like your charm – it only works best when it’s in the right place at the right time. Choosing the best sod means considering the unique features of your property. Partial sunlight throughout the day or dense shade? We got you covered. With the right grass type – be it Kentucky Bluegrass, Fine Fescue, or Perennial Ryegrass, your Vermont lawn can be the stuff of neighborhood envy. Don’t shy from the shade, embrace it!

A picture of a shade tree over a lawn in Vermont
Shade tree over a lawn in Vermont

What grasses stay green year-round in Vermont?

As with anything agriculture related, there is some nuance to this question. There are many grasses that can stay green year round in but it depends heavily on your location within the state as well as any microclimates that may exist.

The following grasses have the ability to stay green year round in Vermont:

Grass TypeCaveats
Tall FescueIt typically stays green throughout the year in milder climates, given that it isn't overly stressed by heat or drought in the summer.
Kentucky BluegrassIt can retain its green color for much of the year when well-maintained, though harsh winter temperatures can push it towards dormancy and a browner hue.
Perennial RyegrassIt can stay vibrant and green throughout the year in many climates, unless conditions are extremely cold or dry.
Fine FescueIt keeps its green color throughout the year in ideal conditions. If the winters are particularly harsh, it may lose some color.

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