New Hampshire state outlinePicture of a patch of sod in New Hampshire

New Hampshire Sod Guide

In this article we'll explore the optimal sod varieties for New Hampshire. We'll also delve into their associated costs and the ideal times for laying to ensure growth.

cool season

Here, the cold winters and cooler summers are the perfect playground for cool-season grasses, while warm-season grasses might find the conditions a tad tricky. In short, for a lawn that loves life in New Hampshire, go cool or go home.

Introduction

New Hampshire, the Granite State. It's a place of four distinct seasons, scorching summers, and winters that don't pull any punches.

This climate carousel plays a key role in picking the best lawn for your locale. Cool-season grasses love New Hampshire.

Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and perennial ryegrass are the VIPs here. They're temperature titans, capable of rolling with the seasons and thriving when the weather turns cool and moist.

If you're itching to install a lawn in New Hampshire, late summer or early fall should be your target. That's when the temperatures ease up and the rain is generous, giving your grass a chance to lay down strong roots before winter storms onto the scene.

Which grasses grow best in New Hampshire?

In the world of landscaping, not all grasses are created equal. Each thrives in a specific climate zone: cool, warm, or transition.

A geographical map highlighting New Hampshire located in the cool season region of the United States
New Hampshire is a cool season state and falls in the region higlighted above

New Hampshire, with its cool season climate, prefers a particular set of grasses that relish the lower temperatures. The following grasses are the easiest to grow and maintain in New Hampshire:

Tall FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, deep-rooted, ideal for lawns, pastures, and sports fields in cooler climates. The price per square foot for Tall Fescue generally ranges from $0.60 to $0.85 per square foot.
Kentucky BluegrassCool-season grass, lush green, fine texture, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields in cooler regions. The price per square foot for Kentucky Bluegrass generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.70 per square foot.
Perennial RyegrassCool-season grass, fast-growing, excellent wear resistance, often used for overseeding, ideal for lawns and sports fields. The price per square foot for Perennial Ryegrass generally ranges from $0.30 to $0.65 per square foot.
Fine FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, fine texture, low maintenance, ideal for low-traffic lawns and erosion control. The price per square foot for Fine Fescue generally ranges from $0.45 to $0.75 per square foot.

While it's possible to grow grasses meant for other regions with proper care, attention and timing, these are the most common grasses in New Hampshire for residential lawns.

What is the best time to lay sod in New Hampshire?

Since it is considered a cool-season location, the ideal time to lay sod is in early spring or early fall. These periods offer moderate temperatures, leading to less stress on the sod and providing optimal conditions for root establishment before extreme temperatures of winter or summer. Avoid the summer, as high heat can stress the sod.

As you can see in the image below, you'll notice the most shoot growth (the grass above ground) and root growth in the spring and fall for cool season grases:

A graph showing the growth of cool season grasses throughout the year
Plant cool-season grasses during the Spring and Fall for best results

Best Grasses for Shade in New Hampshire

Guess what? New Hampshire is a land of shifty shadows. Sure, it's great for a game of hide and seek, but when it comes to selecting the right sod variety for your yard, it can be challenging. Don't sweat it, though. We’ve got your covered with some of the best grasses for shade.

Topping our list is Fine Fescue. This grass variety comes with the tagline "low maintenance, high shade tolerance." It’s your go-to "I'd rather sip lemonade than spend my weekend mowing the lawn" choice. Fine Fescue likes to take it easy, needing only 4 hours of sunlight a day. And the best part? It adapts well to the acidic soils common in New Hampshire.

Next up is Tall Fescue. It’s a bit of a hustler, needing about 5 hours of sunlight per day. This grass has a strong dark-green game, making it perfect for lawns with a mix of sunny and shaded locales. It’s resilient, adaptable, and like a really good pair of jeans, it just fits in almost everywhere.

If your idea of a “shade” is more a patchwork quilt of sun splatters and charming dapples, consider Kentucky Bluegrass. Despite what you might think, this isn't just a grass for the Bluegrass state. It can thrive with around 6 hours of sunlight while adding a lush, blue-green carpet look to your lawn that would make your neighbors green (pun intended) with envy.

And finally, let's not forget the ultimate old reliable, Ryegrass. It’s not fussy, not too demanding, and it performs fairly well even with just 5-6 hours of sunlight a day. Bonus points for being heat and drought tolerant, because we all know New Hampshire weather can be a bit of a diva sometimes.

Remember, picking the right sod for your yard is like picking a dance partner. You need to find the one that steps in time with the rhythm of your climatic conditions and terrain. So, dear green-thumbed friends, it’s time to take your pick and let your lawn be the coolest shade haven in the neighborhood.

A picture of a shade tree over a lawn in New Hampshire
Shade tree over a lawn in New Hampshire

What grasses stay green year-round in New Hampshire?

As with anything agriculture related, there is some nuance to this question. There are many grasses that can stay green year round in but it depends heavily on your location within the state as well as any microclimates that may exist.

The following grasses have the ability to stay green year round in New Hampshire:

Grass TypeCaveats
Tall FescueIt typically stays green throughout the year in milder climates, given that it isn't overly stressed by heat or drought in the summer.
Kentucky BluegrassIt can retain its green color for much of the year when well-maintained, though harsh winter temperatures can push it towards dormancy and a browner hue.
Perennial RyegrassIt can stay vibrant and green throughout the year in many climates, unless conditions are extremely cold or dry.
Fine FescueIt keeps its green color throughout the year in ideal conditions. If the winters are particularly harsh, it may lose some color.

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