New York state outlinePicture of a patch of sod in New York

New York Sod Guide

In this article we'll explore the optimal sod varieties for New York. We'll also delve into their associated costs and the ideal times for laying to ensure growth.

cool season

It sits snugly in the transition region, which is caught between the cool-season zone to the north and the warm-season zone to the south. That means you've got options, with both cool-season and warm-season grasses on the table. It's all about picking the right grass for your corner of this multifaceted state.


New York, where concrete jungles meet cascading waterfalls, is a tale of two climates. From the chilly, crisp winters and short summers in the northern expanse to the balmy, extended summers and mild winters down south, this climate dichotomy shapes what grass grows best where. In the northern stretches, cool-season grasses wear the crown.

Think Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue. They take the chilly winters in stride and come back swinging each spring. But in the southern territories, warm-season grasses like zoysia and Bermuda grass hold sway, reveling in the extended heat and shrugging off the winter chill.

When it comes to laying down turf in the Empire State, timing is everything. Late summer or early fall is your sweet spot. The mercury is falling, the rainfall is rising, and your newly laid grass can build a strong root network before winter strikes.

Spring planting can also work, but get it in early. You want those roots to take hold before the summer heatwave hits. On the U.S. grass zone map, New York straddles a line.

Which grasses grow best in New York?

In the world of landscaping, not all grasses are created equal. Each thrives in a specific climate zone: cool, warm, or transition.

A geographical map highlighting New York located in the cool season region of the United States
New York is a cool season state and falls in the region higlighted above

New York, with its cool season climate, prefers a particular set of grasses that relish the lower temperatures. The following grasses are the easiest to grow and maintain in New York:

Tall FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, deep-rooted, ideal for lawns, pastures, and sports fields in cooler climates. The price per square foot for Tall Fescue generally ranges from $0.60 to $0.85 per square foot.
Kentucky BluegrassCool-season grass, lush green, fine texture, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields in cooler regions. The price per square foot for Kentucky Bluegrass generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.70 per square foot.
Perennial RyegrassCool-season grass, fast-growing, excellent wear resistance, often used for overseeding, ideal for lawns and sports fields. The price per square foot for Perennial Ryegrass generally ranges from $0.30 to $0.65 per square foot.
Fine FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, fine texture, low maintenance, ideal for low-traffic lawns and erosion control. The price per square foot for Fine Fescue generally ranges from $0.45 to $0.75 per square foot.

While it's possible to grow grasses meant for other regions with proper care, attention and timing, these are the most common grasses in New York for residential lawns.

What is the best time to lay sod in New York?

Since it is considered a cool-season location, the ideal time to lay sod is in early spring or early fall. These periods offer moderate temperatures, leading to less stress on the sod and providing optimal conditions for root establishment before extreme temperatures of winter or summer. Avoid the summer, as high heat can stress the sod.

As you can see in the image below, you'll notice the most shoot growth (the grass above ground) and root growth in the spring and fall for cool season grases:

A graph showing the growth of cool season grasses throughout the year
Plant cool-season grasses during the Spring and Fall for best results

Best Grasses for Shade in New York

Alright, New York green thumbs, let's dive into the best grasses for shade. We're talking about those spots under your towering Dogwood tree where sun hides its face.

First up, Fine Fescue. This grass doesn't need an Instagram filter - it brings its own deep green hue. Fine Fescue isn't a sun hog. It's content with just 4 hours of sunlight daily.

Next, St. Augustine grass. Yes, we know it’s famous down South but it also cuts the mustard in the Empire State's shady areas. Bet you didn’t see that one coming. Just a heads up, it requires about 4-6 hours of sunlight, but it does tolerate shade well.

Thirdly? The jewel in the crown: Kentucky Bluegrass. Legend? Absolutely. This turf has a rep matching Yankee stadium. Kentucky Bluegrass may need a tad more sun, around 6 hours, but don’t discount its shade tolerance.

Then again, consider Tall Fescue. She’s the queen of sustainability with deep roots and drought tolerance. Perfect for those I-forgot-to-water-the-lawn-today moments. Satisfy it with 4-6 hours of sunlight and it'll reward you with a lush cover even in the shade.

Lastly, say hello to Zoysia grass. You may consider it a bit of a diva, needing around 6 hours of sunlight, but it's worth it. Zoysia stays vibrant even when it's throwin' shade.

Remember, grass is just like us New Yorkers - it needs to eat right, drink plenty, and catch enough Z's to look and feel its best. In this case, that’s a mix of sunlight, water, and nutrients. It's not rocket science, it's lawn care.

Now, armed with this info, let's transform your shady lawn spots from bald patches to grassy oases. And remember, if it grows in Brooklyn, it'll grow anywhere. Let’s keep rolling!

A picture of a shade tree over a lawn in New York
Shade tree over a lawn in New York

What grasses stay green year-round in New York?

As with anything agriculture related, there is some nuance to this question. There are many grasses that can stay green year round in but it depends heavily on your location within the state as well as any microclimates that may exist.

The following grasses have the ability to stay green year round in New York:

Grass TypeCaveats
Tall FescueIt typically stays green throughout the year in milder climates, given that it isn't overly stressed by heat or drought in the summer.
Kentucky BluegrassIt can retain its green color for much of the year when well-maintained, though harsh winter temperatures can push it towards dormancy and a browner hue.
Perennial RyegrassIt can stay vibrant and green throughout the year in many climates, unless conditions are extremely cold or dry.
Fine FescueIt keeps its green color throughout the year in ideal conditions. If the winters are particularly harsh, it may lose some color.

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