Virginia state outlinePicture of a patch of sod in Virginia

Virginia Sod Guide

In this article we'll explore the optimal sod varieties for Virginia. We'll also delve into their associated costs and the ideal times for laying to ensure growth.

transition zone

Warm season grasses such as Bermuda grass and Zoysia grass are well-suited for the southern regions of Virginia, while cool season grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass and Fine Fescue thrive in the northern areas of the state. In summary, having a good understanding of Virginia's climate and grass zone enables homeowners to make informed decisions about the most suitable grass varieties for their lawns.


Virginia experiences a climate known as humid subtropical, characterized by hot and humid summers and mild winters. This unique climate significantly influences the choice of grass varieties that thrive in the state.

Virginia favors grasses that can flourish in high moisture levels and humid conditions. For optimal results, the ideal periods to lay grass in Virginia are late spring or early fall.

During these seasons, the temperatures are pleasant, and there is typically an ample amount of rainfall, which aids in the establishment of the grass. It is also crucial to take into account the specific grass zone in your Virginia locality, as it can impact the suitable grass types for your area.

Grass zones are determined by various factors like climate, soil composition, and topography. In Virginia, the grass zone ranges from warm to cool season grasses.

Which grasses grow best in Virginia?

In the world of landscaping, not all grasses are created equal. Each thrives in a specific climate zone: cool, warm, or transition.

A geographical map highlighting Virginia located in the transition zone region of the United States
Virginia is a transition zone state and falls in the region higlighted above

Virginia, with its transition zone climate, prefers a particular set of grasses that relish the a wide range of temperatures. The following grasses are the easiest to grow and maintain in Virginia:

BermudaWarm-season grass, drought-tolerant, dense turf, ideal for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields. The price per square foot for Bermuda generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.65 per square foot.
ZoysiaWarm-season grass, slow-growing, dense turf, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields. The price per square foot for Zoysia generally ranges from $0.55 to $0.90 per square foot.
Tall FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, deep-rooted, ideal for lawns, pastures, and sports fields in cooler climates. The price per square foot for Tall Fescue generally ranges from $0.60 to $0.85 per square foot.
Kentucky BluegrassCool-season grass, lush green, fine texture, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields in cooler regions. The price per square foot for Kentucky Bluegrass generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.70 per square foot.
Perennial RyegrassCool-season grass, fast-growing, excellent wear resistance, often used for overseeding, ideal for lawns and sports fields. The price per square foot for Perennial Ryegrass generally ranges from $0.30 to $0.65 per square foot.

While it's possible to grow grasses meant for other regions with proper care, attention and timing, these are the most common grasses in Virginia for residential lawns.

What is the best time to lay sod in Virginia?

For transition zones, consider the type of sod. For warm season grasses, aim for late spring. This gives them a full summer to establish before winter. For cool season grasses, fall is best, allowing roots to develop in mild temperatures. Whichever you pick, avoid extremes of summer and winter. So, late spring for warm grasses, fall for cool ones, and skip the severe seasons.

As you can see in the image below, you'll notice the most shoot growth (the grass above ground) and root growth in the spring and fall for cool season grases and during the summer for warm season grasses:

A graph showing the growth of cool season grasses throughout the year
Plant cool-season grasses during the Spring and Fall for best results
A graph showing the growth of warm season grasses throughout the year
Plant warm-season grasses in the late Spring, early Summer for best results

Best Grasses for Shade in Virginia

When it comes to handling shade in Virginia, not all grasses are created equal. We've got you covered. Hold onto your lawn chairs, folks.

First up on our list, fine fescue. Remarkable grass, this one. It can survive well in 4-5 hours of sunlight per day. That's equivalent to your average Netflix binge-watch. But it also means less mowing for you.

Then, there's the tall fescue. This grass is like that uncle who pops up at ungodly hours and says, "Sleep is for the weak!" It endures 5 hours of sunlight just fine, and even puts up quite a fight in periods of drought.

How about Kentucky Bluegrass? Terry, one of our green-thumbed pros, has three of these lawns. They require about 6-8 hours of sunlight. Love sunbathing, they do, but they can also endure a fair bit of shade.

Next, St. Augustine. This is the equivalent of that kid who falls asleep anywhere, anytime. It adapts and endures shade with ease. Just like teenagers, St. Augustine isn't a big fan of bright light.

Now, don't despair if the shade is real stubborn in your yard. Like sitting under an umbrella on a cloudy day type of stubborn. We've got Zoysia. It's tough-as-nails and can handle shade lesser than 3 hours of sunlight per day.

But remember, grass needs nutrients to thrive, even the ones listed here. Water and feed them regularly. They might thrive in shade, but they can't do photosynthesis in the dark.

And consider cutting them some slack during winter. That's when they want to cozy up with a blanket of leaves, not choke on them.

Before you go around planting these in Virginia, remember the golden rule of sod: there's no such thing as one-size-fits-all. Your lawn has its own quirks, pick the grass that fits it best.

A picture of a shade tree over a lawn in Virginia
Shade tree over a lawn in Virginia

What grasses stay green year-round in Virginia?

As with anything agriculture related, there is some nuance to this question. There are many grasses that can stay green year round in but it depends heavily on your location within the state as well as any microclimates that may exist.

The following grasses have the ability to stay green year round in Virginia:

Grass TypeCaveats
BermudaIt typically goes dormant and turns brown after a few hard frosts in the fall and stays that way until temperatures consistently hit the 60s in the spring.
ZoysiaIt can stay green nearly year-round in milder climates without severe winter freezes or overly high summer temperatures.
Tall FescueIt typically stays green throughout the year in milder climates, given that it isn't overly stressed by heat or drought in the summer.
Kentucky BluegrassIt can retain its green color for much of the year when well-maintained, though harsh winter temperatures can push it towards dormancy and a browner hue.
Perennial RyegrassIt can stay vibrant and green throughout the year in many climates, unless conditions are extremely cold or dry.

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