Rhode Island state outlinePicture of a patch of sod in Rhode Island

Rhode Island Sod Guide

In this article we'll explore the optimal sod varieties for Rhode Island. We'll also delve into their associated costs and the ideal times for laying to ensure growth.

cool season

This zone is characterized by cool-season grasses, which are best suited for the climate. These grasses grow best in temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and can handle freezing temperatures during the winter.”


Rhode Island has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and cool winters. This type of climate affects the types of grass that are best grown there.

Generally, cool-season grasses thrive in this climate, such as Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, and tall fescue. These grasses can handle the cool winters and hot summers that Rhode Island experiences.

The best time to lay grass in Rhode Island is during the fall or spring seasons. The cooler temperatures and increased rainfall during these times of year create optimal growing conditions for grass.

It's important to avoid laying grass during the hot summer months, as the high temperatures can cause the grass to struggle to establish itself. Rhode Island is located in the Northeast grass zone, which means that it experiences long, cold winters and short, mild summers.

Which grasses grow best in Rhode Island?

In the world of landscaping, not all grasses are created equal. Each thrives in a specific climate zone: cool, warm, or transition.

A geographical map highlighting Rhode Island located in the cool season region of the United States
Rhode Island is a cool season state and falls in the region higlighted above

Rhode Island, with its cool season climate, prefers a particular set of grasses that relish the lower temperatures. The following grasses are the easiest to grow and maintain in Rhode Island:

Tall FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, deep-rooted, ideal for lawns, pastures, and sports fields in cooler climates. The price per square foot for Tall Fescue generally ranges from $0.60 to $0.85 per square foot.
Kentucky BluegrassCool-season grass, lush green, fine texture, good for lawns, golf courses, and sports fields in cooler regions. The price per square foot for Kentucky Bluegrass generally ranges from $0.35 to $0.70 per square foot.
Perennial RyegrassCool-season grass, fast-growing, excellent wear resistance, often used for overseeding, ideal for lawns and sports fields. The price per square foot for Perennial Ryegrass generally ranges from $0.30 to $0.65 per square foot.
Fine FescueCool-season grass, shade-tolerant, fine texture, low maintenance, ideal for low-traffic lawns and erosion control. The price per square foot for Fine Fescue generally ranges from $0.45 to $0.75 per square foot.

While it's possible to grow grasses meant for other regions with proper care, attention and timing, these are the most common grasses in Rhode Island for residential lawns.

What is the best time to lay sod in Rhode Island?

Since it is considered a cool-season location, the ideal time to lay sod is in early spring or early fall. These periods offer moderate temperatures, leading to less stress on the sod and providing optimal conditions for root establishment before extreme temperatures of winter or summer. Avoid the summer, as high heat can stress the sod.

As you can see in the image below, you'll notice the most shoot growth (the grass above ground) and root growth in the spring and fall for cool season grases:

A graph showing the growth of cool season grasses throughout the year
Plant cool-season grasses during the Spring and Fall for best results

Best Grasses for Shade in Rhode Island

Alright, let's get down to business – when it comes to those Rhode Island lawns living on the shadier side of life, we've got a few superstar grasses that can steal the show.

Numero uno, meet Fine Fescue. This cool season grass thrives in as little as 4 hours of sunlight daily. Cool you say? Indeed, it prefers temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It's like the Goldilocks of grass – it doesn’t want too much sun, but it also doesn’t want to be stuck in the cold. Plus, it's water-efficient and can endure heavier foot traffic. Fine Fescue is your friend if you want a low maintenance, shade-loving lawn.

Second in line, the resilient Ryegrass. Now, the Perennial Ryegrass adores a dappled-sun patch and can endure a solid 6 hours of sunlight. This grass is known for its quick germination rate and forms a beautifully dense lawn. It’s not a diva when it comes to temperature either; it stands up to Rhode Island’s weather like a champ.

Lastly, let's shine a dim light on Kentucky Bluegrass. This guy is versatile; it's not just a sun-loving soul, but it can manage in moderately shaded areas too. Six to eight hours of sunlight is its jam. When allowed to grow to its preferred height of about 2-2.5 inches, it performs better in the shade. It's like the rockstar of grasses that changes its performance based on the venue. Kentucky Bluegrass also rocks a mean 'winter survival' skills, perfect for Rhode Island’s climate.

So there you have it. A trifecta of what we'd call Rhode Island’s shady superheroes. These guys have got the goods to take your lacklustre shaded lawn to lush and lively. Remember, though, keep them hydrated, keep them happy. No grass likes to be left in the dry. Now let's move on.

A picture of a shade tree over a lawn in Rhode Island
Shade tree over a lawn in Rhode Island

What grasses stay green year-round in Rhode Island?

As with anything agriculture related, there is some nuance to this question. There are many grasses that can stay green year round in but it depends heavily on your location within the state as well as any microclimates that may exist.

The following grasses have the ability to stay green year round in Rhode Island:

Grass TypeCaveats
Tall FescueIt typically stays green throughout the year in milder climates, given that it isn't overly stressed by heat or drought in the summer.
Kentucky BluegrassIt can retain its green color for much of the year when well-maintained, though harsh winter temperatures can push it towards dormancy and a browner hue.
Perennial RyegrassIt can stay vibrant and green throughout the year in many climates, unless conditions are extremely cold or dry.
Fine FescueIt keeps its green color throughout the year in ideal conditions. If the winters are particularly harsh, it may lose some color.

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